This course is designed to equip you to teach formal logic to upper-school students as well as providing a thorough introduction to the elements of formal logic. In our view, every classical educator should be familiar with the main elements of formal logic and how they apply to all learning. This course will provide that skill and also familiarize educators with this fundamental liberal art. In addition, you will learn from a veteran logic teacher and author of two logic books: Joelle Hodge.

This course carefully follows the book The Discovery of Deduction: An Introduction to Formal Logic. We highly recommend purchasing the text for reference throughout the course.

Instructional Hours: 10.62, CEU Credits: 1.67

This course follows the organizational theme of the book The Discovery of DeductionCorresponding readings from this text are listed within each lesson, as well as supplementary, recommended readings from Socratic Logic by Peter Kreeft. We also recommend The Art of Argument for those not yet familiar with the informal fallacies. You may also take a course on the logical fallacies (informal logic) right here on ClassicalU.

Here is the outline of the course:

  • Lesson 1 (Introduction): How to teach logic classically, balancing rigor with rest or scholé
  • Lesson 2: The role of logic as a core discipline or art. Why study logic?
  • Discussion: Logic in one’s life and study
  • Lesson 3: The relationship between formal and informal logic
  • Lesson 4: The classical origins and medieval recovery of formal logic. Helping students appreciate the history of formal logic
  • Lesson 5: Formal logic and the three acts of the mind: simple apprehension, understanding, judgment.
  • Lesson 6: How to translate propositions into categorical form
  • Lesson 7: Relationships of opposition, the square of opposition: contradiction, contrariety, subcontrariety, subimplication, superimplication
  • Lesson 8: Relationships of equivalence and logical equations
  • Lesson 9: Categorical syllogisms: validity, arrangement, enthymemes, moods, and figures
  • Lesson 10: Determining the validity of a syllogism
  • Lesson 11: Terms and definitions
  • Lesson 12: Developing the end-of-year project
Joelle Hodge holds a BA in history/political science from Messiah College in Grantham, Pennsylvania, and is currently enrolled in the Master of Arts in Teaching program at Eastern University’s Templeton Honors College. She began her career as a staffer to United States Senator Arlen Specter (R-Pa) before finding her professional home in the world of classical education in 1999. She has 20 years of teaching experience—several of which were spent at a classical school in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. There she also developed much of their logic and rhetoric curricula. She has coauthored two logic books, The Art of Argument: An Introduction to the Informal Fallacies and The Discovery of Deduction: An Introduction to Formal Logic, both published by Classical Academic Press (CAP), and continues to support various editorial projects at CAP, but her primary focus is on the growth and development of Scholé Academy, where she serves as the principal. Since the inception of Scholé Academy in 2014, Joelle has taught courses across a variety of disciplines, including math, logic, and rhetoric, as well as a course in student-skills development (How to Be a Student). She served as senior teacher for Scholé Academy before stepping into the role of academy principal in 2018. Additionally, Classical Academic Press hosts Joelle’s consultant offerings, where she engages with educators across the country, tailoring workshops for classical schools and co-ops that seek to train their teachers in the fundamentals of dialectic- and rhetoric-stage pedagogy.

To obtain a certification credit for this course, simply complete each presentation lesson or discussion in the course (by marking it complete or by taking the quiz) and then also take the certification test at the end of the course. The quizzes are designed to ensure that you have understood the essential content of each presentation, and they can be taken more than once if necessary. The cumulative certification test at the end of the course is given as a pass/fail test and requires that you upload one or more essays demonstrating your understanding of the course. (Please note that essays are simply evaluated by word count.) When you have completed the course, a certificate that you can print or email will become available within “My Courses” (accessible under “Courses” in the main menu when you are signed in as an active subscriber).

We recommend previewing the essay question within the end of course test before starting the course. This will help in guiding your note taking as you progress through the course. Please allow approximately 2 weeks for essay submissions to be reviewed.

By taking the course for certification credit, you also will be on your way to obtaining a Level 2 certification.

Note: This information is not needed by any current subscribers. (This tab provides an alternative way into just some of our courses that is used by independent consultants.)

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