Lesson 3: Introduction to the PGMAPT Paradigm

In this third lesson Kevin and Ravi introduce their paradigm for the Liberal Arts Tradition, which they abbreviate as PGMAPT: piety, gymnastic, music, arts (as in the seven liberal arts), philosophy, and theology. The first three of these (piety, gymnastic, and music) are featured mainly in lower school education, though they do extend throughout one’s education. As you will see, what is called music in the lower school is “education in wonder” or education that is “inspired by the muses.”

Recommended Reading

Review “The Paradigm of the Liberal Arts Tradition” (pp. 1–9) in The Liberal Arts Tradition.


The Liberal Arts Tradition Tree

classical tree_improved

The Liberal Arts Tradition Tree
by Rachel Lockridge

The Term "Paradigm"

The word paradigm comes to us from the Greek (and through Latin as well). According to Dictionary.com, the term was first used between 1475 and 1485 and is composed of the roots para– (at or to one side of; beside) and deik– (to show). A paradigm, therefore, is an example serving as a model or pattern, or a cognitive framework shared by members of any discipline or group.


This PGMAPT chart summarizes the paradigm for Christian classical education. We recommend familiarizing yourself with this chart, as it is a helpful way to grasp the “big picture” of the classical tradition of education. Note the movement from wonder to wisdom that characterizes the whole enterprise.


Questions for Discussion and Reflection
  1. How would you summarize the PGMAPT as a framework for Christian classical education?
  2. Which of the elements in the PGMAPT framework do you find most stimulating and interesting at present? Why?

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