Lesson 3: Introduction to the PGMAPT Paradigm

In this third lesson, Kevin and Ravi introduce their paradigm for the liberal arts tradition, which they abbreviate as PGMAPT: piety, gymnastic, music, arts (as in the 7 liberal arts), philosophy, and theology. The first 3 of these (piety, gymnastic, and music) are featured mainly in lower-school education, though they do extend throughout one’s education. As you will see, what is called music in the lower school is “education in wonder” or education that is “inspired by the muses.”
Recommended Reading
  • Review “The Paradigm of the Liberal Arts Tradition” (pp. 1–9) in The Liberal Arts Tradition.


Outline of Session
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The Liberal Arts Tradition Tree
classical tree_improved

The Liberal Arts Tradition Tree
by Rachel Lockridge

The Term "Paradigm"
The word paradigm comes to us from the Greek (and through Latin as well). According to Dictionary.com, the term was first used between 1475 and 1485 and is composed of the roots para– (at or to one side of; beside) and deik– (to show). A paradigm, therefore, is an example serving as a model or pattern, or a cognitive framework shared by members of any discipline or group.
Discussion Questions
  • How is it different to turn someone’s disposition toward the true and the good and the beautiful through influencing their thinking versus through the ordering of their affections?
  • What is piety? What gymnastic education? What is musical education?
  • How are philosophy and theology connected in the Christian tradition?
  • How do philosophy and theology direct the earliest movements of the classical Christian tradition?
  • How will the PGMAPT paradigm affect your practice as a classical Christian school or homeschool teacher?
This PGMAPT chart summarizes the paradigm for Christian classical education. We recommend familiarizing yourself with this chart, as it is a helpful way to grasp the “big picture” of the classical tradition of education. Note the movement from wonder to wisdom that characterizes the whole enterprise.

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