Essential Philosophy

Lesson 2

Lesson 2: Popular Errors in Academia

In this introductory session, Dr. Schenk presents his second lecture on popular errors in academia.

Reading Material

For this lecture, Dr. Schenk references two philosophical works:

  • “The Challenge of Cultural Relativism,” by James Rachels (1986)
  • “Psychological Egoism,” by Joel Feinberg (1965/1999)

You can find these articles online with a quick Google search, or on databases such as JSTOR. While not assigned reading, you may still wish to read these articles for a better understanding of the concepts in this lecture.


Outline of Session
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Discussion Questions

Activity: Use your “Fundamental Skills of Philosophy” to detect errors in categorization! 

What are some shifts in conceptual and observational categorization apparent in the Cultural Relativism and Psychological Egoism arguments? Dr. Schenk pointed these flaws out in his lecture. (Hint: This is a helpful review question to see if you’re following these arguments. Use the Outline for help if needed.)

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